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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (September 2009)



Published: October 15, 2009


An Overview
The overall security situation of the country showed a mixed trend during the reporting month. The provinces of Punjab, Sindh except Karachi and the federal capital remained peaceful as there were fewer attacks reported in these areas during the month.  On the other hand, the security situation in militancy and insurgency hit areas of North West Frontier Province (NWFP), the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (FATA) and Balochistan remained volatile. This month a total of 171 terrorist attacks were reported countrywide which claimed 192 lives and 558 injuries. (See Chart 1) Out of 171 reported attacks, 64 occurred in NWFP killing 113 people and injuring 392; while 41 attacks were recorded in FATA that killed 37 people and injured 46 others.  In Balochistan 56 insurgent attacks were reported that caused 27 death casualties and 85 injuries. Meanwhile, in Punjab and Karachi 2 and 4 terrorist attacks occurred respectively killing 5 people and injuring 11 others.  The other areas of the country remained more or less calm and peaceful.

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in September 2009


If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 837 killed and 888 injured. In 25 clashes between the security forces and the militants, 129 people were killed and 53 were injured; while in 41 operational attacks conducted by the security forces 379 militants were killed and 152 others were injured.  10 incidents of ethno-political violence claimed 7 lives and 32 injuries; while 26 reported incidents of inter-tribal clashes killed 67 people and injured the same number. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

171

192

558

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

25

129

53

Operational attacks by security forces

41

379

152

Drone attacks

8

61

26

Border clashes

3

-

1

Political and ethnic violence

10

7

32

Inter-tribal clashes

26

67

67

Total

284

837

888

If a comparison of last six months data is carried out with the figures collected in September 2009, a visible decrease in the number of attacks and death casualties is observable which is due to the successful military strategy of the security forces in these areas and the weakening grip of the militants. (See Chart 3) The number of injuries has slightly gone up most of which comprise of the civilians injured in the two deadly suicide attacks in Bannu and Peshawar. Out of 888 injuries reported this month 571 are of the civilians.

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Six Months’ Figures

The militants continue to suffer the most number of casualties for the fifth consecutive month due to the fresh military offensive of the security forces in Khyber, North and South Waziristan Agencies of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (FATA) and few parts of NWFP. This month the militants suffered 576 death casualties and 170 injuries followed by the civilians who suffered 205 lives and 571 injuries during the reporting month. In the terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 56 personnel while 147 others were injured.  (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties (September ‘09)
Suffered

Killed

Injured

Civilian

205

571

Militants

576

170

FC

15

42

Army

17

36

Police

23

65

Paramilitary

1

-

Lvs

-

1

Rng

-

3

Total

837

888


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties (September 09)

Among a variety of tactics employed by the militants throughout the month, the most widely used tactic was direct shootout/firing as 35 incidents of firing were reported during the month; while the second most common tactic was bomb blasts as 29 incidents of bomb blasts were recorded. The third most frequently used tactic was rocket attacks with 26 reported incidents, while 17 incidents each of hand grenade and improvised explosive devices were also reported.  (See Table 5)

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Tactic

Number of incidents

Suicide attacks

6

Rocket attacks

26

Beheadings

1

Remote-controlled bombs

17

Kidnapping

2

Landmines

12

Firing

35

Sabotage, burn, fire

7

Target killings

2

Bomb blasts

29

Hand grenades

17

Improvised explosive devices (IEDs)

17

Total

171

 

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