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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (April 2012)



Published: May 18, 2012


An Overview
Persistent attacks by Baloch insurgents in Balochistan and Taliban militants in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and FATA, and mounting sectarian violence in Quetta, Gilgit-Baltistan and Karachi further deteriorated the volatile security landscape of Pakistan during the reporting month. Two suicide attacks and the biggest jailbreak attack in the history of Pakistan in Bannu district with increasing ethno-political target killings in Karachi and target killings of Hazara community in Quetta were some of the important features of insecurity and violence observed in this month. Moreover 12 educational institutions were also blown up by the militants in KP and FATA. At the same time the military operations against militants in Kurram, Orakzai and Khyber agencies of FATA continued unabated.       

As many as 101 terrorist attacks, including militant attacks, nationalist insurgent attacks and sectarian-related attacks were reported across Pakistan during the reporting month that left 99 people dead and another 205 sustained injuries (See Chart 1). In terms of number of attacks Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was the most affected area of the country where 36 terrorist attacks were recorded that killed 14 people and injured 38 others. In terms of casualties Balochistan was the most terrible region of the country during the month where 38 peoples were killed and 22 others injured in 30 reported attacks. FATA faced 21 attacks that left 18 people dead and 55 others injured. Moreover 15 people were killed and 18 others injured in Karachi in 10 reported terrorist attacks whereas 5 people were killed and 62 others injured in Punjab and 9 people were killed and 10 others injured in Gilgit Baltistan in reported two terrorist attacks each.  
 

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in April 2012

The overall number of casualties in Pakistan in a total of 152 reported incidents of violence including those resulting from terrorist/insurgent attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, ethno-political violence, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks as well as drone strikes reached 270 killed and 345 injured (See Table 2). Besides above mentioned 101 terrorist attacks in Pakistan, 22 incidents of political and ethnic violence were reported that caused the death of 27 people and injured 4 others. In a total of 13 operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with militants 84 people, most of them militants, were killed and 18 injured. Meanwhile in 4 reported sectarian clashes 18 people were dead and 49 others injured. Four incidents of inter-tribal clashes and the same number of incidents of criminal gang clashes were also reported in this month that killed 20 and 13 people respectively.  One drone attack and three border clashes were also recorded in the reporting month.

Table 2: Overall Attacks/Clashes and Casualties in Pakistan in April 2012
Type of attack/clash

Number of atacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

101

99

205

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

8

34

4

Operational attacks by security forces

5

50

14

Drone attacks

1

4

3

Border clashes

3

5

6

Political and ethnic violence

22

27

7

Inter-tribal clashes

4

20

7

Sectarian clashes

4

18

49

Clashes b/w criminal gangs

4

13

50

Total

152

270

345

A comparison of this month’s security situation–using the variables of the number of overall attacks/clashes given in Table 2 and the resulting killings and injuries–with the last three months security landscape reveals a downward trend (See Chart 3).  The overall number of attacks/clashes decreased slightly as compared to the previous month whereas the number of people killed and injured in these attacks/clashes decreased by 48 percent and 11 percent, respectively.

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Four Months’ Figure

Civilians’ casualties were higher than the militants and security forces with 148 deaths and 264 injuries in the reporting month due to the increasing trend of sectarian and ethno-political violence in the country. Meanwhile 93 militants were killed and 25 others were injured in different military operations.  Furthermore 29 security personnel were killed and 56 others injured in terrorist attacks (See Table 4, 4a).

Chart 4: Detail of Casualties

Table 4a: Distribution of Security Forces’ Casualties
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

6

2

Police

10

35

Army

11

11

Levies

2

1

Paramilitary

0

7

Total

29

56

Militants employed multiple attack tactics in carrying out terrorist attacks. Direct firing or shootout and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were the most commonly used tactics with 31 and 26 reported incidents, respectively. 12 Rocket attack, 9 Hand grenades, 7 remote control and 5 incidents of bomb blasts were among the other foremost tactics used by the militants in this month. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

Suicide Attack

2

Rocket Attack

11

Beheading

1

Remote Control Bomb

7

Kidnapping

4

Landmine

3

Firing

31

Sabotage

2

Bomb Blast

5

Hand Grenade

9

Improvised Explosive Device

26

Total

101

 

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