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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (March 2012)



Published: April 13, 2012


An Overview
The spree of terrorist attacks on security forces, educational institutions, political and sectarian rivals, pro-government tribesmen, public property/state installations and civilians continued in the month of March. Nonetheless in security forces’ military and search and hunt operations dozens of militants were killed, injured and arrested.

In a total of 113 reported terrorist attacks in Pakistan during the reporting month, including militant, sectarian-related and insurgent attacks, 136 people lost their lives and another 185 sustained injuries (See Chart 1). In terms of number of terrorist attacks Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) was the most volatile region of country where 48 recorded terrorist attacks killed 39 and injured another 92 people. The maximum number of casualties for any region was however reported from Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with 50 people killed and 60 injured in 31 attacks. In Balochistan as many as 25 insurgent and militant attacks were recorded, which killed 38 and wounded another 27 people. Incidents of terrorism were also reported from Karachi (4), interior Sindh (2), Gilgit Baltistan (2), and Punjab (1).    

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in March 2012

The overall number of casualties in a total of 167 reported incidents of violence in Pakistan including above mentioned terrorist/insurgent attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, ethno-political violence, inter-tribal clashes and cross-border attacks as well as drone strikes reached 521 killed and 381 injured. The maximum number of casualties was recorded in security forces’ 9 operational attacks and 15 clashes with militants mostly in different FATA agencies followed by casualties in terrorist attacks (See Table 2). As many as 18 incidents of political and ethnic violence were reported from Karachi that caused death to 26 and injuries to 37 people. Meanwhile, 5 incidents of border clashes, 3 at Pak-Afghan and India and 2 at Pak-India borders, left one person dead and 6 others injured. In 3 reported incidents of inter-tribal clashes, 10 people were killed and 2 others injured whereas four drone strikes killed 36 suspected militants and injured 2 others.

Table 2: Overall Attacks/Clashes and Casualties in Pakistan in March 2012
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

113

136

185

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

15

160

85

Operational attacks by security forces

9

152

64

Drone attacks

4

36

2

Border clashes

5

1

6

Political and ethnic violence

18

26

37

Inter-tribal clashes

3

10

2

Total

167

521

381


The overall security situation in Pakistan during March remained more or less the same as in previous month when measured in terms of number of overall attacks/clashes and the consequent killings and injuries given in Table 2 (See Chart 3). The overall number of attacks/clashes and fatalities in March increased slightly; the number of people injured in these attacks/clashes however decreased by about 11 percent.

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Four Months’ Figure

As noted above the highest number of casualties was recorded among militants mainly in military operations and their clashes with the security forces, and US-led predator drone attacks. As many as 330 militants were killed, 24 percent more than previous month, and 100 others injured in the reporting month. Furthermore 134 civilians lost their lives, a 25 percent decrease compared to previous month, and 232 others were injured mainly in terrorist attacks. As many as 57 personnel of the security forces also lost their lives, 24 percent decrease in fatalities compared to previous month, and 48 others sustained injuries, almost half than previous month, mainly in terrorist attacks and clashes with the militants. (See Table 4, 4a)

Chart 4: Detail of Casualties

Table 4a: Distribution of Security Forces’ Casualties
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

3

2

Police

15

17

Army

38

29

Levies

1

1

Total

57

49

Militants employed multiple attack tactics in carrying out terrorist attacks. Like in previous month, Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and direct firing, or shootout, were the most commonly used tactics with 39 and 32 reported incidents, respectively. Remote control bombs with 12 incidents, suicide attacks and kidnapping with 6 incidents each, and hand grenades with 5 attacks were among the other foremost tactics used by the militants in this month. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

Suicide attack

6

Rocket attack

4

Beheading

1

Remote control bomb

12

Kidnapping

6

Landmine blast

4

Firing

32

Bomb blast

4

Hand grenade

5

Improvised explosive device

39

Total

113

 

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