Untitled Document
Untitled Document
PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (December 2011)



Published: January 11, 2012


An Overview
Militants increasingly targeted security forces, their check posts and convoys mainly in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and Balochistan. About 30 percent of the total terrorist attacks reported across Pakistan in the month of December were targeted against FC, army, rangers and police. The militants’ tactical approach to target the security forces, their convoys and check posts is apparently meant to demoralize and pressurize the security forces, get more space and ease to operate freely and put pressure on the government to stop military operation.

The Taliban militants also continued destroying the educational institutions, mostly primary and middle schools for girls and boys, in KP and FATA. As many as 18 schools were attacked in December–14 in KP, and 2 each in FATA and Gilgit Baltistan–in the month of December.

As many as 130 reported terrorist attacks, including militant attacks, nationalist insurgent attacks and sectarian-related, killed 99 and injured another 239 people across Pakistan during the reporting month. Compared to the previous month, the number of overall terrorist attacks in December decreased by 8 percent and the numbers of people killed and injured in these attacks fell by 28 percent and 3 percent, respectively.
FATA was the worst-hit region where 47 recorded terrorist attacks killed 31 people and injured 118 others. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa witnessed 37 such attacks which claimed lives of 19 people besides wounding 56 others. Although the number of terrorist attacks in Balochistan (32) was less than that in FATA and KP, but the highest number of death casualties in terrorist attacks were recorded from this region. Seven and six terrorist attacks were witnessed in Karachi and Gilgit Baltistan respectively (See Chart 1).

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in December

The overall number of casualties in Pakistan in the month of December–including those resulting from terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, ethno-political violence, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks–reached 499 killed and 420 injured. A bulk of these casualties, 69 percent of the total dead and 27 percent of the total injured, was recorded in security forces’ 15 operational attacks and 26 clashes with militants in different FATA agencies and parts of KP. Twelve incidents of inter-tribal and 5 of sectarian clashes killed 30 people and wounded 49 others. All of the 16 incidents of political and ethnic violence, as given in Table 2, were reported from Karachi that caused death to 23 and injuries to 15 people. Meanwhile, three incidents of border clashes and cross-border attacks–two at Pakistan-Afghanistan border and one at Pakistan-India border–left one FC personnel dead and 5 army soldiers injured. No US drone attack was reported in the month of December (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

130

99

239

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

26

169

54

Operational attacks by security forces

15

177

58

Drone attacks

0

0

0

Border attacks/clashes

3

1

5

Political and ethnic violence

16

23

15

Inter-tribal and sectarian clashes

17

30

49

Total

207

499

420

A comparison of last four month’s security situation–using the variables of the number of overall attacks/clashes given in Table 2 and the resulting killings and injuries–with this month’s security landscape reveals a mixed trend (See Chart 3). The overall number of attacks/clashes in December decreased by about 4 percent compared to the previous month. The number of people killed and injured in these attacks/clashes also fell by 25 percent and 6 percent, respectively. The total number of security forces’ operational attacks and clashes with militants remained more or less the same as in the previous month but the number of people killed decreased from 431 in November to 346 in December; the number of injured also fell from 123 in November to 112 in December. While four US drone attacks had killed 40 people and injured 20 others in the previous month, no such attack was recorded in the reporting month. The casualties in cross-border attacks/clashes also witnessed a dip. Against previous month’s 26 killings and 15 injuries among security forces in such attacks/clashes, one FC man was killed and 5 army troops injured in the reporting month. However casualties in political and ethnic violence in Karachi and inter-tribal clashes in tribal areas increased compared to the previous month.

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Four Months’ Figures

This month again, like in the previous month, the militants suffered highest number of casualties with 370 life losses and 110 injuries. Majority of them were killed in security forces’ operational attacks and their clashes with the security forces. The second highest number of casualties was of the civilians with 88 life losses and 173 injuries. Meanwhile 41 personnel of the security forces also lost their lives 137 others sustained injuries, mainly in terrorist attacks and clashes with the militants. (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

11

49

Militants

370

110

Civilian

88

173

Police

15

16

Army

11

66

Rangers

4

6

Total

499

420

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used one was of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) firing with 40 reported incidents while firing and direct shootout was the second most commonly used tactic with 38 reported incidents. Rocket attacks and target killings were the third and fourth most commonly used method with 15 and 13 reported incidents, respectively. (See Table 5)

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

1

RA

15

BH

0

RCB

7

KID

4

LM

8

FR

38

SAB

2

TK

13

BT

0

HG

2

IED

40

Total

130

 

 News and Events
















 
Drop Down Menu



Contact


© Copyright Pak Institute for Pecae Studies (PIPS). All Rights Reserved.
Host and developed By Dumyy Text