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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (November 2011)



Published: December 28, 2011


An Overview
The November 26 NATO airstrikes on two Pakistani military check posts in Mohmand Agency in FATA, which resulted in killing of 26 Pakistani soldiers, subsequent suspension of land route supplies to NATO forces stationed in Afghanistan, and vacation of Shamsi Airbase by the US on Pakistan’s demand, not only further strained Pakistan-US relations but also added to Pakistan’s security concerns about its western border with Afghanistan.

As the diplomatic stand-off worsened between the US and Pakistan, conflicting news of a possible peace deal between outlawed Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) and the government filled the air. At the same time, in retaliation to bombings of his group’s hideouts by Pakistani security forces, Hafiz Gul Bahadar, a commander of local Taliban in North Waziristan, threatened to abandon 2007 peace deal with the government. He also warned it would no longer be possible for his group to exercise restraint if the government continues to carry out such actions. Nonetheless, despite rumors of a possible peace deal, Taliban militants continued attacking security forces and pro-government tribal elders in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA).

Four US drone strikes were also recorded in the month of November but all before November 26 airstrikes of NATO forces in Mohmand tribal region. No such attack has been reported so far after November 26 incident. Some media reports even suggested that American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had agreed to curtail its drone strikes inside Pakistani tribal regions, along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border, at least for the present moment, to not let the Pak-US relations deteriorate further.

In November a total of 142 terrorist attacks—including two suicide attacks—were reported across Pakistan claiming 138 lives and injuring 246 others. FATA was the worst affected area where 62 terrorist attacks left 64 people dead 162 others wounded. With 35 reported attacks and incidents of violence KPK was the second most volatile area in the reporting month where 13 people were killed and 30 others were injured. In Balochistan—the third worst hit area in November—31nationalist insurgent and sectarian-related terrorist attacks left 44 people dead and 41 others wounded. Meanwhile six terrorist attacks and 17 incidents of ethno-political violence in Karachi claimed lives of 23 people and caused injuries to 30 others. Meanwhile situation in Punjab, interior Sindh, Gilgit-Baltistan and Kashmir was peaceful. (See Chart 1)

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in November

If casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties in November reaches 665 killed and 446 injured. Operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants killed 431 people and injured 123 others, including militants, security forces’ personnel and also some civilians. Four incidents of US drone strikes inside Pakistani tribal areas killed 40 suspected militants and injured another 20. In five incidents of inter-tribal clashes, 15 people were killed and 21 others were wounded. All of the 17 incidents of political and ethnic violence, as given in Table 2, were reported from Karachi. Meanwhile, five incidents of border clashes and cross-border attacks–four at Pakistan-Afghanistan border and one at Line of Control in Kashmir–left 26 Pakistani security personnel dead and 15 others wounded. All these casualties in border clashes/attacks were registered in November 26 NATO air strikes on military check posts in Mohmand Agency; the other four clashes did not cause any death or injury. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

142

138

246

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

33

291

50

Operational attacks by security forces

9

140

73

Drone attacks

4

40

20

Border attacks/clashes

5

26

15

Political and ethnic violence

17

15

21

Inter-tribal clashes

5

15

21

Total

215

665

446

A comparison of last month’s security situation with this month’s security landscape reveals that the overall incidents of violence, as described at Table 2, decreased from 259 in October to 215 in November but the overall number of those killed and injured in these incidents increased; compared to October, death casualties in November increased by 62 percent and number of injured by 34 percent. (See Chart 3) The number of terrorist attacks decreased from 182 attacks in October to 142 in November. Similarly against 33 incidents of ethno-political violence witnessed in October only 17 such incidents were recorded in November. Notwithstanding the decline in number of attacks the casualty figure has risen sharply owing to considerable increase in casualties of militants and security forces in November compared to the previous month. As many as 86 security personnel were killed and 146 were injured in November compared to 45 killings and 94 injuries in the previous month. Similarly 482 militants were killed and 150 others were injured in this month as against 215 killings and 58 injuries in the previous month.

Chart 3: Comparison with Four Months’ Figure

This month militants suffered highest number of casualties with 482 life losses and 150 injuries. Majority of them were killed in security forces’ operational attacks, US drone strikes and their clashes with the security forces. The second highest number of casualties is of the civilians with 97 life losses and 147 injuries. In the terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 86 personnel and 146 others sustained injuries. (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

39

92

Militants

482

150

Civilian

97

147

Police

8

13

Paramilitary

-

3

Army

37

39

Levies

2

2

Rangers

-

-

Total

665

446

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used one was of firing with 52 reported incidents while Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were the second most commonly used tactic with 40 reported incidents. Rocket attacks were the third most commonly used method with 14 reported incidents. (See Table 5)

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

2

RA

14

BH

1

RCB

14

KID

2

LM

5

FR

52

SAB

5

TK

4

BT

1

HG

2

IED

40

Total

142

 

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