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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (September 2011)



Published: October 06, 2011


An Overview
Reporting month saw mounting violence across Pakistan on account of militant attacks, clashes of the security forces and militants as well as sectarian and ethno political violence. Few incidents of criminal violence were also witnessed. In Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and tribal areas militants stepped up their assaults against security forces and anti-Taliban peace committees in the wake of continuing military operations in Orakzai and Mohmand agencies. Notably attacks on government installations, educational institutes and NATO supply convoys declined considerably. After increase in cross border militancy, from Afghanistan into Pakistan’s tribal areas, Pakistan army deployed regular army troops in border areas adjacent to Upper Dir, Lower Dir and Chitral. FATA was the most volatile area of the country where 44 people lost their lives and 72 others received injuries in 61 reported incidents of violence. Meanwhile 32 attacks in KP left 80 people dead and 175 others injured.

There was no let up in violence in Balochistan either, where 87 people were killed and 92 were wounded in 38 attacks of Baloch separatists against law enforcement agencies, political leaders and civilians coupled with sectarian attacks of banned Lashkar-e-Jhangvi (LeJ) against Shia Hazara Community. At the same time security situation in Karachi—despite a considerable decrease in violence—remained precarious on account of politically motivated targeted killings, sectarian and criminal violence. With the exception of three incidents of violence in Punjab, which killed two people and injured 11 others, the overall security situation in the province was peaceful. Similarly in interior Sindh two people lost their lives in as many attacks and nine others were injured. Calm and peaceful situation prevailed in Islamabad and Azad Kashmir. In September a total of 138 attacks were witnessed across Pakistan which claimed lives of 224 people and injured 368 others. (See Chart 1) 

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in September 2011

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 515 killed and 526 injured. In 20 incidents of ethno-political violence 30 people were killed and another one was wounded. Whereas eight border attacks and clashes —including four drone strikes—killed 21 people and injured eight others. Separately, 17 inter-tribal clashes reported in different areas of KPK, FATA and Balochistan claimed lives of 50 people and injured 35 others.  (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

138

224

368

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

23

154

102

Operational attacks by security forces

9

36

12

Drone attacks

4

19

8

Border clashes/Attacks

4

2

-

Political and ethnic violence

20

30

1

Inter-tribal clashes

17

50

35

Total

215

515

526

A comparison of September’s security situation with previous month’s security landscape reveals a sharp downward trend. The overall number of attacks and incidents of violence have increased from 247 to 215 due to sharp decrease in incidents of terrorism. Similarly the number of casualties has also gone down owing to a decline in number of civilian casualties in terrorist attacks and various other incidents of violence. This month as many as 241 civilians were killed and 342 others were wounded in terrorist attacks and other incidents violence compared to killings and injures of previous month when 399 people were killed and 466 were injured. (See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Five Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties is of civilians with a majority of them being killed in terrorist attacks and incidents of ethno political violence. Meanwhile second highest number of casualties is of militants who have been killed in security forces’ operational attacks and clashes of the militants with the security forces as well as US-led predator drone strikes. The militants suffered 227 death casualties and 114 injuries during the reporting month. In terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants at least 46 security personnel were killed and 70 others were wounded. (See Chart 4, 4a)  

Chart 4: Detail of Casualties September 2011


Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties September 2011
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

29

93

Militants

383

114

Civilian

352

449

Police

10

21

Paramilitary

-

4

Army

7

20

Lvs

-

-

Rangers

-

-

Total

781

701

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of firing or shooting with 38 reported incidents. Rocket attacks were the second most commonly used method with 22 reported incidents.  Meanwhile Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) were the third excessively used tactic with 21 reported incidents. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

5

RA

22

BH

3

RCB

8

KID

6

LM

7

FR

38

SAB

4

TK

20

BT

-

HG

4

IED

21

Total

138

 

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