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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (October 2010)



Published: November 10, 2010


An Overview
Pakistan’s security situation showed no signs of improvement as the country continued to face wave of attacks on worship places and shrines, ethno political violence, sectarian strife and nationalist insurgency. Tensions between US-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)/NATO command and Pakistan-- over airspace violations and incursions in Pakistani territory-- eased out following apologies from US Ambassador to Pakistan Anne W. Peterson and NATO Secretary General Andres Fogh Rasmusen. However, nationwide attacks on NATO supplies increased as Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), the major terror network of the country—vowed to carry out more such attacks to avenge killings of militants in drone attacks. Major search operations and crack downs were also carried out by the security forces across the country in search of stolen NATO goods. Several appreciable steps including lifting ban on FC recruitments, creation of female wing in Levy Force, approval of peace-building strategy termed the Post Crisis Need Assessment (PCNA) were taken by Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KP) government. Notwithstanding military operations in Frontier Region (FR) Peshawar, Orakzai and Kurram Agencies; militants were active with easy access in almost all areas of KP and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (FATA).

Karachi once again suffered at the hands of political violence amid continued bouts of ethnic, sectarian, criminal and mafia induced violence as government authorities mulled over options of conducting surgical operations in the city. The twin suicide attacks on Abdullah Shah Ghazi’s shrine, target killing of prominent religious scholar and Ahl-e-Sunnwat Waljamat (ASWJ) leader Maulana Muhammad Amin sums up the state of affairs in provincial metropolis. Meanwhile Punjab’s security landscape once again showed mixed trends of violence and stability. A bomb blast outside the shrine of Baba Fariduddin in Pakpatan, arrest of seven TTP members planning to attacks prime ministers camp in Multan served as a strike reminder to security managers of the province that security situation could spiral out of control at any given point resulting in major security lapse or breakdown. The situation was no different in Balochistan where after a brief hiatus incidents of target killings were once again alarmingly high coupled with renewed wave of attacks on educationists, non-Baloch settlers, political leaders including that of National Party’s (Mengal) leader Mir Nooruddin Mengal in Kalat and Jammeeat-e-Ulama-e-Islam-Ideological (JUI-I) district chief Sheik Ayoub Mandokhel.  

A total of 180 attacks—including 2 suicide attacks-- were reported across Pakistan claiming 196 lives and causing 317 injuries. FATA was the worst hit area where 72 terrorist attacks left 57 people dead and 89 others injured. Balochistan was the second most affected area where 52 terrorist and nationalist insurgent attacks claimed 46 lives and injured 42 people; whereas with 41 terrorist attacks, that left 24 people dead and 45 others wounded, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa was the third most volatile area. Similarly 9 attacks in Karachi left 55 people dead and 102 others injured; meanwhile 4 attacks in Punjab claimed 8 lives and injured 30 others. (See Chart 1)

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in October 2010

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 667 killed and 643 injured. In 14 incidents of inter-tribal clashes 23 people were killed and 30 others were injured; while 20 incidents of ethno-political violence claimed 97 lives and injured 113 others. This month 19 US drone strikes left 108 suspected militants killed and 36 others injured; while 5 border clashes left 1 person killed and as many injured. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

180

196

317

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

41

116

56

Operational attacks by security forces

23

126

90

Drone attacks

19

108

36

Border clashes

5

1

1

Political and ethnic violence

20

97

113

Inter-tribal clashes

14

23

30

Total

302

667

643

Comparatively this month’s security landscape shows slight variations than last month’s security situation. A relatively higher number of terrorist attacks, operational attacks and clashes between the security forces and militants have resulted in slight increase in overall number of attacks. Meanwhile the sharp decrease in fatality figure is due to lesser number of civilians killed in suicide attacks. Last month the attacks Youm-e-Ali/Youm-e-Quds rallies in Karachi, Lahore and Quetta left as many as 417 civilians killed and 916 others injured compared to 284 killed and 399 injured this month.  (See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Eight Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties is of the militants who have been killed or injured in their clashes with the security forces and operational attacks. Civilians suffered second highest number of casualties with 284 life losses and 399 injuries mainly in terrorist attacks, incidents of ethno-political violence, nationalist insurgent attacks and seatrain related killings. In terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 42 personnel among them --13 FC, 10 police and 19 army personnel; while 95 others including 58 FC, 9 police and 26 army and 2 paramilitary force personnel were injured. (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties October 2010

Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties October 2010
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

13

58

Militants

341

149

Civilian

284

399

Police

10

9

Paramilitary

-

2

Army

19

26

Lvs

-

-

Rng

-

-

Total

667

643

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of IEDs with 38 reported incidents; while target killing was the second most commonly used method with 33 reported incidents. With 31 reported incidents firing or direct shootout was third most widely used tactic. Meanwhile 19 incidents of landmine blasts, 18 incidents of sabotage were also reported. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

2

RA

12

BH

5

RCB

11

KID

3

LM

19

FR

31

SAB

18

TK

33

BT

-

HG

8

IED

38

Total

180

 

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