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PIPS Research Journal : Conflict and Peace Studies  (Vol. 6, No. 1) (Jan-Jun 2014)

The insecurity and instability in Afghanistan after 2014 will have serious implications for Pakistan’s internal security and might increase the burden on its counterterrorism efforts. A research study published in Pak Institute for Peace Studies’ latest issue of its research journal “Conflict and Peace Studies” revealed this.

 The recently published Spring 2014 issue of the journal contains seven comprehensive research papers, one comment and one backgrounder. In the opening comment, Muhammad Amir Rana has critically reviewed recently announced National Internal Security Policy and has highlighted some conceptual and functional gaps in the policy besides providing an alternative policy option. First paper, by Safdar Sial and Talha Saeed Satti, discusses implications of 2014 withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan for security of Pakistan and other countries in the region.

Farhan Zahid in his paper on “Post-2014 Afghanistan: prospects for Taliban’s rise to power” has argued that although the Afghan Taliban remain a formidable guerilla force, Kabul is unlikely to fall to them after the withdrawal of foreign forces; any scenario that comes to a contrary conclusion includes a concomitant renewed Al Qaeda threat.  Third paper, by Asmatullah Khan Wazir, has tried to track down both legal and political reforms instituted in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) since the creation of Pakistan and also suggested a way forward.

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Dialogue on Democracy 2 : Islam puts great emphasis on justice, rights and rule of law: religious scholars


Islam has laid down some guiding principles on justice, rights and responsibilities, equality and rule of law, which should become the basis of any political system that undertakes to govern an Islamic state. In that regard democracy appears very close to Islam. These thoughts were expressed by leading religious scholars in a seminar on “Democracy and constitution of Pakistan: viewpoints of clergy and religious scholars (II),” organized by Pak Institute for Peace Studies in Lahore on May 19, 2014. The first of this series of dialogues was held in Karachi on May 17, 2014.

Secretary General Wafaqul Madaris Al Arabia and Principal Jamia Khairul Madaris, Multan Qari Haneef Jalandhary said that authoritarianism, or kingship, and democracy are two distinct political systems. Islam has espoused a “system of mutual consultation” (nizam-e-shura or shuraiyyat), which is based on neither authoritarianism, nor such form of democracy that compromises God’s sovereignty. He said, as the Objectives Resolution, which guarantees the Sovereignty of God, has become part of its constitution.


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