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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (April 2010)



Published: May 07, 2010


An Overview
The security forces scored major victories against the militants in South Waziristan, FR Peshawar and Bajaur Agencies in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (FATA); while another joint operation of military and paramilitary forces was launched in Kala Dhaka area of Provincially Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (PATA). Currently another major military operation is underway in Orakzai Agency. Nonetheless, the militants kept on striking the security forces and other government installations.  Moreover increasing incidents of sectarian, ethno political violence and target killings in Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa, Karachi and Blaochistan kept the security situation volatile. The militancy-hit FATA was the worst affected area where 74 attacks claimed lives of 45 people and injured 88 others; while nationalist insurgency hit Balochistan was the second most affected areas with 63 attacks that killed 51 people and injured 109 others. In Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 45 reported attacks claimed 166 lives and injured 331 others. In Karachi 9 reported attacks killed 8 people and injured 7 others; while Punjab suffered 2 attacks that killed 4people and injured 3 others. (See Chart 1)    

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in April 2010

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 1020 killed and 1062 injured. In 18 incidents of inter-tribal clashes 69 people were killed and 51 others were injured; while 22 incidents of ethno-political violence claimed 27 lives and injured 181 others. This month 6 border attacks —including drone attacks-- killed 44 people and injured 21 others. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

196

274

538

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

38

207

66

Operational attacks by security forces

26

399

201

Drone attacks

6

44

21

Border clashes

4

0

4

Political and ethnic violence

22

27

181

Inter-tribal clashes

18

69

51

Total

310

1020

1062

If a comparison of last three months’ data is carried out with the entries obtained this month a somewhat mixed trend is observable. The number of attacks has slightly declined i.e. from 325 to 310; while the number of death casualties has gone up a little i.e. from 1002 to 1020. Similarly a slight decline in number of injuries is also visible. The relative decline in the number of attacks is due to successful and consistent counter-terrorism/insurgency strategy followed by the security forces.  The slight increase in death casualties is due to a large number of militants killed in the operational attacks of the security forces. Nonetheless the security landscape has not experienced any fnoteworthy change. (See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Six Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties was of the militants who continue to suffer the maximum number of casualties for the fifth consecutive month due to ongoing military operation in Orakzai Agency and few others parts of FATA. The militants suffered 683 death casualties and 263 injuries. The second highest number of casualties was of the civilians with 274 life losses and 642 injuries mainly in terrorist attacks. In the terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 63 personnel among them 14 FC, 26 police and 23 army personnel; while 157 others including 26 FC, 57 police, 3 paramilitary force and 57 army personnel were injured.  (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties April 2010

 

Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties April 2010
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

14

26

Militants

683

263

Civilian

274

642

Police

26

57

Paramilitary

-

3

Army

23

71

Lvs

-

-

Rng

-

-

Total

1020

1062

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) with 50 reported incidents while direct shoot out was the second most commonly used tactic with 46 reported incidents. Target killing was third most commonly used tactic with 20 reported incidents. Similarly 16 incidents of remote controlled bomb blasts, 14 rocket attacks, 11 hang grenade attacks and 10 land mine attacks were also reported. (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

9

RA

14

BH

4

RCB

16

KID

7

LM

10

FR

46

SAB

4

TK

20

BT

5

HG

11

IED

50

Total

196

 

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