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PIPS Reports
Pakistan Security Report (March 2010)



Published: April 15, 2010


An Overview
This reporting month the security forces continued to score major victories against the militants in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan (FATA). A relative lull and hiatus in the activities of the militants manifested the successful military strategy of the security forces. After restoration of government’s writ in Bajaur and South Waziristan Agencies of the FATA; the security forces launched a major military operation in Orakzai Agency as well. Another joint operation of military and paramilitary troops code named “Spring Clean” was conducted in Frontier Region (FR) Peshawar while preparation for a joint operation in Kala Dhaka area of North West Frontier Province (NWFP) were also underway. The security situation remained unstable in NWFP, FATA, Balochistan and Punjab; while a relative calm was witnessed in other areas of the country. Bloahistan was the worst affected area by the nationalist insurgency where 85 reported attacks claimed 66 lives and injured 184 others. FATA was the second worst hit area by the militancy with 67 reported attacks that killed 69 people and injured 104 others; while with 37 reported attacks NWFP was third most affected area where 60 people were killed and 166 others were injured. In Punjab 11 attacks were reported that killed 82 people and injured 211 others while 5 attacks in Karachi claimed 11 lives and injured 11 others. In Gilgit-Baltistan 3 attacks killed 1 person and injured 4 others. (See Chart 1)   

Chart 1: Terrorist Attacks in Pakistan in March 2010

If the casualties in terrorist attacks, operational attacks by the security forces and their clashes with the militants, inter-tribal clashes and cross border attacks throughout the country are counted collectively, the overall number of casualties reaches 1002 killed and 1075 injured. In 32 clashes between the security forces and the militants, 177 people including 168 militants, 7 civilians, 1 FC and 1 army personnel were killed; while 72 others among them 52 militants, 4 civilians, 1 FC, 4 police and 11 army personnel were wounded. These clashes took place in FR. Peshawar Region, Mohmand, Bajaur, Khyber and Orakzai Agencies in FATA and Mansehra, Swat and Darra Adam Khel districts in NWFP. Similarly in 28 incidents of inter-tribal clashes 151 people were killed and 57 others were injured; while 16 incidents of ethno-political violence claimed 10 lives and injured 86 others. This month 11 Drone attacks along Pak-Afghan border killed 68 people and injured 20 others while 9 incidents of border clashes killed 2 people and injured 3 others. (See Table 2)

Table 2: Nature of Attacks
Type of attack/clash

Number of attacks/clashes

Killed

Injured

Terrorist/insurgent attacks

209

290

679

Clashes b/w security forces and militants

32

177

72

Operational attacks by security forces

20

304

158

Drone attacks

11

68

20

Border clashes

9

2

3

Political and ethnic violence

16

10

86

Inter-tribal clashes

28

151

57

Total

325

1002

1075

If a comparison of last three months’ data is carried out with the entries obtained this month a clear upward trend is visible. The relative increase in the overall number of attacks is due to a higher number of terrorist/insurgents attacks reported in this month. The steep rise in the death casualties is due to large number of militants killed in the operational (304 killed) and their clashes with the security forces (177 killed); while the increase in the number of injuries is due to 9 suicide attacks reported in this month in which a large number of civilians were injured.(See Chart 3) 

Chart 3: Comparison with Last Six Months’ Figure

The maximum number of casualties was of the militants who continue to suffer the maximum number of casualties for the fourth consecutive month due to ongoing military operations in Orakzai, Kurram, Khyber and South Waziristan Agencies. The militants suffered 644 death casualties and 237 injuries. The second highest number of casualties was of the civilians with 279 life losses and 712 injuries mainly in terrorist attacks. In the terrorist attacks and their clashes with the militants the security forces lost 80 personnel among them 23 army, 38 FC, 15 police, 1 paramilitary force and 2 levy personnel; while 126 others including 75 FC, 30 army and 21 police personnel were injured.  (See Table 4, 4a)

Table 4: Detail of Casualties February 2010



Table 4a: Distribution of Casualties February 2010
Type

Killed

Injured

FC

38

75

Militants

644

237

Civilian

279

712

Police

15

21

Paramilitary

1

-

Army

23

30

Lvs

2

-

Rng

-

-

Total

1002

1075

Among a variety of tactics used by the militants the most commonly used tactic was of firing or direct shoot out with 46 reported incidents while hand grenade attacks were the second most widely used method with 27 reported incidents. Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), rocket attacks and remote controlled bomb blasts (RCB) were the third preferred tactic for attacks by the militants with 26 reported incidents each. Meanwhile 17 incidnets of land mine blasts, 14 incidents of target killings were also reported.  (See Table 5) 

Table 5: Attack Tactics Used by Terrorists
Attack  Tactics

No. of Attacks

SA

9

RA

26

BH

2

RCB

26

KID

5

LM

17

FR

46

SAB

4

TK

14

BT

7

HG

27

IED

26

Total

209

 

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