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Dialogue on Democracy 3 : Muslims should run their state affairs with mutual consultation and consensus: religious scholars

Muslim jurists’ support for monarchy in times of discord, as an alternative system to Islamic caliphate, was based on their understanding that Islam does not provide a specific framework to run the state affairs. It has been left to Muslims to decide about their system of government with mutual consultation and consensus. Once a social contract, or constitution, is agreed upon, its protection is obligatory. Similarly when democracy is related to solving problems with consultation and collective intelligence, then it is very much relevant to Islam. These views were expressed by eminent religious scholars and leaders in a one-day structured dialogue on “Democracy and constitution of Pakistan: viewpoints of clergy and religious scholars (III),” organized by Pak Institute for Peace Studies (PIPS) in Islamabad on September 1, 2014.

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 Research Report : Lack of professionalism adds to threats to journalists in Pakistan


The media threat matrix in Pakistan is broad and diverse and multiple factors contribute to it but the most important aspect is related to professionalism, including the way of reporting, professional attitudes and mainly the threat perceptions of the media persons. These are the findings of a recently released research study ‘Media Safety in Pakistan' .

The study is based on an extensive field research and comprehensive case histories of journalists, who were either threatened or killed. It entails interviews with the surviving victims, and victims’ relatives, friends, fellow journalists, employers, and the relevant government officials, etc.The study finds out that the killed journalists’ threat perception was weak. The journalists belonging to small and local media outlets were more prone to threats. The state and non-state actors both contributed to the threat matrix at the local level. Criminals and militants in small towns and tribal areas mainly threatened journalists affiliated with local publications and media outlets with comparatively less outreach.


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Counter-extremism Argument
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PIPS Annual Report 2013
Policy Briefs
Pakistan's Security Landscape
Representing a nine percent increase from the year before, a total of 1,717 terrorist attacks took place across Pakistan in 2013, claiming the lives of 2,451 people, 19 percent more than previous year, and causing injuries to another 5,438. Over 61 percent (1,059) of the total 1,717 terrorist attacks were carried out by the Pakistani Taliban mainly the Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) ... Read more>>
Sectarian Violence
A rise in sectarian violence in Pakistan that started in 2011 continued through 2012 towards end of 2013. First two months of 2013 saw an unprecedented wave of sectarian violence against Hazara Shia community in Quetta. While incidents of sectarian violence continued unabated throughout the year, during November 2013 that coincided with Islamic month of Moharram, ... Read more>>
Understanding the threat
Threat to Sino-Pak friendship

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